Facts About Stroke

• A stroke is always serious. Cells in the brain that become damaged cannot be repaired or regenerated. But other areas of the brain may take over the work of the damaged portion.

• Most people know they should seek emergency medical help immediately if they are having symptoms of a heart attack. But the average stroke patient waits more than 12 hours before going to a hospital emergency department, losing precious time that could be critical to treatment.

• Stroke was first recognised more than 2400 years ago by Hippocrates, the father of medicine, who described a condition marked by the sudden onset of paralysis.

• There are steps you can take to help prevent a stroke. Healthy living is very important in stroke prevention. There also are successful treatments if it does happen.

General recovery guidelines for stroke show:

• 10% stroke survivors recover almost completely.

• 25% recover with minor impairments.

• 40% experience moderate to severe impairments requiring special care.

• 10% require care in a nursing home or other long term care facility.

• 15% die shortly after stroke.

What are the signs of a stroke?

• Sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm, and leg on one side of the body.

• Sudden loss of vision or dimmed vision, particularly in one eye.

• Loss of speech, or trouble talking or understanding speech.

• Sudden, severe headaches with no apparent cause.

• Unexplained dizziness, unsteadiness, or sudden falls, especially if accompanied by any of the previous symptoms.

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