Exercise is the cornerstone for the management of diabetes.
Due to increased activity, the cells become more sensitive to insulin and can work more efficiently.
What are the benefits of exercise in diabetes?
1.) Improves cardiovascular health
2.) Reduces weight
3.) Improves blood cholesterol and blood pressure levels
4.) Helps in maintaining blood glucose levels
5.) Improves glucose utilization by the body
6.) Improves sleep, quality of life and reduce stress
7.) Improves physical fitness and stamina
What are the different types of exercise?
1.) Aerobic exercises help the body to use insulin better and reduce the risk of heart disease by lowering blood pressure and blood glucose.
E.g. Brisk walking, cycling, swimming, running.
2.) Resistance exercise improves muscle strength and stamina and increases glucose utilization in the body.
E.g. Weight- lifting, dumbbells, barbells, push-ups.
3.) Flexibility exercises reduce stress by lowering counter-regulatory hormones, also improve insulin sensitivity.
E.g. Stretching, ballistic stretching.
Points to remember before starting an exercise
1.) If blood glucose is >252 mg/dl, strenuous exercise is not recommended as it may cause blood glucose to increase.
2.) If ketones are present, the person should NOT exercise.
3.) Exercise is not recommended when an individual is sick.
4.) Footwear must be appropriate to protect feet from injury and moisture
5.) Carbohydrate food must be carried together so that a glucose source is readily available throughout the activity.
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