These are as follows:-
• Be alert and aware
Anything you wish to remember, you must first observe carefully, since concentration is essential for improving memory.
• Link ideas to images
Memory is based on associating new information to something that you already know. In improving memory, the trick is to link what you want to remember to a strong visual image.
• Cure absent-mindedness
Forgetting to turn the gas off or misplacing a set of keys is a memory problem. The cure is the trick of association. A timer can help to remind you such as keys with specific places in the home can be helpful. For example, you might hang keys on the doorknob.
• Be orderly
Forming good habits around the home can help to counteract memory lapses. Patients on dentures should always be kept in the same place. Making lists of things to remember is helpful, and calendars are for remembering birthdays and anniversaries.
• Repeat three times
Studies have shown that for most people a piece of new information must be repeated at least three times before it becomes fixed in the memory bank. For an even stronger impression of the memory, the idea should be repeated verbally and linked to some visual image.
• Organize new information
New information can be remembered more easily if it is organized into categories. Either a mental or a written outline can serve as a memory cue. A speech or a lesson can always be remembered more easily if it is arranged in a logical order with particular subheading.
• Relax and take your time
Memory function best when you are relaxed and can concentrate. Older people cannot absorb too much new information at one time and they may take more time to do so than a younger person may. For them, learning just a little at a time may be helpful. If you are unable to recall relatively unimportant information, you should try to avoid anxiety. If you take your mind off it, it will very likely come to you later.