Enteric nervous system- the nervous system of the gut is also called the second brain. Enteric nervous system is made up of 100 million nerve cells that monitor your digestive system from esophagus to anus. The enteric nervous system has more neurons than spinal column. It includes a number of neural circuits that control motor functions, local blood flow, mucosal transport and secretions, and modulates immune and endocrine functions.
Intestinal health is directly linked to immune system, mood, mental health, autoimmune diseases, endocrine disorders, skin conditions and cancer. Vitamin K, B1, B2 and B12 are vitamins that bacteria in the colon produce through fermentation.The enteric nervous system (ENS) is the intrinsic nervous system of the gastrointestinal tract. It contains complete reflex circuits that detect the physiological condition of the gastrointestinal tract, integrate information about the state of the gastrointestinal tract, and provide outputs to control gut movement, fluid exchange between the gut and its lumen, and local blood flow. It is the only part of the peripheral nervous system that contains extensive neural circuits that are capable of local, autonomous function. The ENS has extensive, two-way, connections with the central nervous system (CNS), and works in concert with the CNS to control the digestive system in the context of local and whole body physiological demands. Because of its extent and its degree of autonomy, the ENS has been referred to as a second brain. The ENS performs complex functions that are crucial for the well-being of an individual. An unhealthy gut sends signals to the ENS which in turn works in response of it.

Signs of an unhealthy gut:
Upset stomach: Gas, bloating, constipation, diarrhoea, and heartburn can all be signs of an unhealthy gut.
A high sugar diet: Bad bacterial over growth, leads to increased sugar cravings
Unintentional weight changes
Sleep disturbances or constant fatigue
Skin irritation: Eczema may be related to damaged gut
Autoimmune diseases: Unhealthy gut increases systemic inflammation and alter the proper functioning of the immune system
Food intolerance: Mainly caused by poor quality of bacteria in the gut.

How to improve gut health:
Lower your stress levels
Get enough sleep
Eat slowly
Stay hydrated
Incorporate prebiotics and prebiotics in your daily diet
High fibre foods garlic, onion, fermented foods, mushrooms and dairy products are extremely good for gut health.

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